The Basics of Managing Diabetes
Blood Glucose is the amount of sugar in the blood. The goals for a person with diabetes:
A) Fasting: 80-130 mg/dl
B) Before a meal: 80-130 mg/dl
C) 1-2 hours after a meal: less than 180 mg/dl
A) Complications: Diabetes side effects such as damage to heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves, and kidneys.
B) Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar. Occurs when blood glucose is lower than normal, generally <70 mg/dl.
C) Hyperglycemia: When blood glucose is above target range
1) Blurry vision
2) Frequent peeing
1) Fruity breath
2) Dry mouth
4) Stomach pain
9) Risk for coma
KNOW YOUR NUMBERS
A1C: ÅVERAGE BLOOD GLUCOSE: This test shows glucose control over the past few months. A normal A1C is Below 5.7%. GOAL: Based on the individual. In general, for a non pregnant person with diabetes: <7
BLOOD PRESSURE: The force of the blood flow in your blood vessels. GOAL: <140/90 mmHg. Be certain to have yours checked at every health care visit.
CHOLESTEROL: A waxy, fatlike substance in all body cells. GOAL: <200mg/dl.
LDL (Bad Cholesterol): GOAL: <100mg/dl.
HDL (Good Cholesterol): GOAL: Women >50mg/dl.
TRIGLYCERIDES: A type of fat that circulates in the blood. Elevated levels increase risk for heart disease. GOAL: <150mg/dl.
WHAT ARE CARBS: 1) Sugars; 2) Starches: 3) Fibers: Sugars and starches make blood glucose rise. Some fibers slow the absorption of sugar postmeal. How much should you consume? GOAL: Women; Meal 45-60 g; snack 15g
Men: Meal 69-75 g; snack 15-30g
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